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186Iterator Quiz

Posted: 2010-07-30Category: LanguageJava Version: 1.6+Olivier Croisier
 

Abstract: Most of the northern hemisphere is on holiday, so here is a quick quiz for those poor souls left behind manning the email desk. How can we prevent a ConcurrentModificationException in the iterator?

 

Welcome to the 186th issue of The Java(tm) Specialists' Newsletter, sent from the beautiful island of Crete. Yesterday morning, Olivier Croisier sent me a quiz that kept me wondering for a while. Olivier teaches our Java Specialist Master Course in France (in French). Since most of my readers are on holiday, I thought a small quiz would be great for those poor souls left behind manning the help desk.

Dr Heinz's Extreme Java Courses: We offer our courses as In-house and Self-Study options. In-house is best for large teams of Java experts. Self-study is suitable for individual programmers w ho want to advance their careers. If you have any questions, please simply send me an email or fill in our enquiry form :-)

Iterator Quiz by Olivier Croisier

Hi everyone,

Here is my Java Quiz #40, I hope you'll like it - if you're not somewhere on a beach drinking Mojitos :)

The idea behind this quiz was found during the last Java Specialist training session, when we were musing through the JDK source code. One of the students, Romain Revol, helped me prove it worked.

As it is summer (despites the dark clouds and low temperature in Paris), I tried to tell a short, funny (I hope) story to explain what you are expected to do in this quizz.

So, without further ado, here it is !

To please your Project Manager, a former developer (yeaaars ago), you sometimes let him help you develop some "very important" parts of your application.

Today, he's in charge of displaying "Hello World" by iterating on a list containing those words. Alas, distracted by his going on vacation this very afternoon, he forgets to add "World" to the list before starting the iteration. Trying to correct his mistake, he adds it a few lines later, but now his code unexpectedly breaks down at runtime ("this must be a JVM bug !").

A few minutes before leaving, he asks you to find a solution in his absence, with the following instructions :

  • Do not modify his existing code, it's Perfect (of course).
  • The FIXME tag shows where you're allowed to insert your corrective code
  • He must be able to understand your solution when he comes back (so using Reflection is not an option).

Are you worth the trust of your beloved Manager ?

final List<String> list = new ArrayList() {{ add("Hello"); }};
final Iterator<String> iterator = list.iterator();
System.out.println(iterator.next());
list.add("World");
// FIXME : work here while I'm sunbathing
System.out.println(iterator.next());

Have fun !

Olivier


Once you've figured it out, please head over to Olivier's blog The Coders Breakfast.net to see if you got it right.

Heinz

 

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